Geoarchaeology is described as archaeological research that employs earth science methodologies and concepts. Geoarchaeology is a branch of archaeology that uses physical science techniques, methods, and concepts to answer archaeological questions. Despite its status as a subdiscipline of archaeology, geoarchaeology has its own technique and theoretical direction. The most popular definition of geoarchaeology technique is the use of methodologies from the earth sciences to solve archaeological research difficulties. Geology, geography, sedimentology, paedology, stratigraphy, and geomorphology are examples of such methods. In this way, geoarchaeology has been practiced almost since the beginning of archaeological study in the eighteenth century, and its growth is directly linked to the field's overall growth. Geoarchaeologists research natural physical processes that affect archaeological sites, such as geomorphology, geological site development, and post-deposition effects on buried sites and artifacts. In order to contribute to an archaeological investigation, geoarchaeologists usually examine soil and sediments, as well as other geographical notions. Because soil can be influenced by human action, geoarchaeology is considered a sub-field of environmental archaeology. Archaeologists can then analyze and reconstruct historical landscapes and circumstances.