Economic geology is a branch of science concerned with earth resources that can be utilized in economic or industrial development. Much of the goal of the research is to find new ore deposits that can be excavated, as well as to learn how ore deposits form and are distributed within the Earth's crust. Hydrotalcites can sequester carbon beneath the surface of mine tailings, according to economic geologists. It is today known as the scientific study of the Earth's mineral raw material sources and the practical application of that knowledge. Metallic mineral deposits and mineral resources are generally referred to as "mineral resources." Other earth scientific disciplines' methodologies (such as geochemistry, mineralogy, geophysics, petrology, and structural geology) could be applied to better understand, describe, and exploit an ore deposit. Geologist’s research and practice of economic geology. Because of the far-reaching impact that extractive industries have on society, the economy, and the environment, economic geology may be of interest to other professions such as engineers, environmental scientists, and conservationists.